Avoid Electrical Accidents By Planning Your Electrical Installation
To protect people living at home from potential dangers of electricity, an electrical installation should take into account by providing certain safety requirements.
In fact, the electrical risk that can be caused by electrical installations, part of them or any electrical device, capable of generating phenomena of electrocution and/or burns. The main cause of industrial or household fires is the electric current due to the conversion of heat.
The electrical accidents have a low rate of occurrence, but its consequences can be so severe that deserve special attention and a strong commitment to prevention measures and safety standards.
For this reason, it is advisable to have a safe and reliable installation at home, which minimises the probability of accidents occurring that endanger the life and health of users, reducing the possibility of electrical equipment failure and avoiding the consequent investment of money necessary for its repair or replacement.
It is very crucial to take into account and apply certain parameters that will help us to avoid unpleasant accidents.
What are the most effective measures we should take into account?
- It is important to have several electrical circuits to power different areas: lighting, heating, kitchen appliances, and so on.
- In addition to the phase and neutral wires, the third wire with ground contact is needed. This cable is important because it directs electricity to the ground if there is a problem with the installation. You could say that this is a fire exit for electricity.
- Each electrical circuit requires a circuit breaker, located on the electrical panel. It is an essential element because if there is overheating or a short circuit, the magneto thermal cuts off the supply thus avoiding hazards such as a fire. A short circuit is a deviation from the electrical circuit that occurs when the phase and the neutral come into contact. It is usually caused by poor cable installation, overloading or damage to the insulation covering the cable.
Advice on safety of facilities for children
Given the danger of the poor use of electrical installations, it is imperative that especially children are trained in this regard from a young age, and with the aim of preventing the risks of electricity such as electric accidents.
We leave these simple tips so you can teach your children to use electricity safely:
- If there are animals at homes such as hamsters or cats, care should be taken not to bite or scratch the electrical cables. Without the plastic coating of electrical cables, people will no longer be isolated from electricity.
- They should be taught that they should never touch the visible copper part of the cables. Above all, you should never touch the 2 phase and neutral wires at the same time or touch the phase wire and be poorly insulated from the ground. If your children see a cable without the protective coating, they should notify you immediately. Parents should disconnect the electrical system and notify an electrical installer or replace them directly.
- They must also know that they must never pull the cord to unplug a device. It can damage the coating and the electrical outlet, and even hurt themselves.
- Be careful with the power strips. Too many electrical appliances should never be plugged into the same outlet because it could overheat and ignite a fire.
- In addition, we recommend the use of plugs that are firmly attached to the wall, since if the fixtures are weak, they can be detached from the walls by the action of plugging in and unplugging.
- Never insert any object into a plug or touch it directly with a wet hand because there is a risk of electrocution.
- Another important aspect to which special attention should be given is the disconnection of electrical appliances, such as dryers, from the wall plug when we have finished using them.
- Similarly, there is no need to leave any cable extension with voltage when there is no appliance plugged into it.
Taking all these precautions into account in the electrical installations of the home, it will hardly happen a domestic accident in this sense, and your children will be protected if they learn this simple and didactic advice.
12 Additional Tips to Improve Home Electrical Safety
- Press the test button on the switch room differential switch at least once a year. If the lever does not fire, it is broken. In this case, you are not protected.
- If you live in an old residence and the fuses melt, you must find out the cause before changing them. When you have a difficulty with your electrical installation call an installer authorised by the Directorate of Industrial and Energy of your province.
- Avoid making connections in multiple plugs. Use one plug for each application.
- It is convenient to disconnect portable appliances after use. Before starting a new appliance, check the electrical power contracted and read the instructions of the appliance.
- If you need to hold an appliance, unplug it beforehand. Before disconnecting an electric appliance, check that it is dry.
- When working with a wire installation, it must be done without any electric current. To do this, you will have to disconnect the differential switch (ID), and you will have to check the absence of electric current in the circuit on which you are going to work on.
- Disconnect the circuit breaker before replacing a blown bulb.
- If an appliance is broken, unplug immediately and call a service technician. Never use devices with bare wires, broken pegs, damaged or detached bases of their cells.
- The combination of water and electricity makes both the kitchen and the bathroom one of the most dangerous areas of the house. So to avoid unnecessary risks, we must keep in mind some essential rules: in the kitchen trying to use the electrical appliances away from the area of the sink.
- Try not to arouse interest in children by loose plugs or cables. Keep out of reach and do not handle them in front of them. Do not leave unattended electrical appliances within reach.
- To plug, unplug and connect you must always keep your hands dry. When you’re using electrical appliances, do not be barefoot or with wet hands or feet.
- Never pull the cord. Unplug an appliance, pull the plug insulating body.